During the evolution, marine peptides played a significant role in the survival of living organisms. They are key components of the innate immunity system. The peptides can be found in a wide variety of marine species. They can be used as pharmaceuticals, preservatives, and as active ingredients in food.
The peptides are water-soluble molecules that are composed of two amino acids linked together. They are responsible for transmitting information from one cell to another. They are found in many marine species and they are also found in the human body. They are also present in many animals and plants.
The proteins of various marine species have high nutritional value. Some species have protein levels similar to meat and soybeans. They also contain essential amino acids. In addition to being useful as food, they can also be used for therapeutic purposes.
Marine peptides are odorless, tasteless, and easily absorbed. They have been studied for their antibacterial, antioxidant, and antiviral properties. They are also known to promote growth and cell proliferation. They may promote extracellular matrix formation, which increases tissue strength. These proteins are also known to promote anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities. They are also known to reduce inflammation and improve blood sugar levels.
Some of the most studied marine sources of bioactive peptides are algae and mussels. These species are renowned for their high protein content. Other sources include crustaceans and fish.
The pharmaceutical industry is also attracted to marine peptides. Many studies have been conducted on their pharmaceutical and nutraceutical properties.